Albania - General Information

Republic of Albania

Language: Albanian


Area: Land: 27,398 sq. km., Water: 1,350 sq. km.


Regime : Parliamentary Republic


Government type: The head of state in Albania is the President of the Republic who is elected to a 5-year term by the Assembly of the Republic of Albania. The President has the power to guarantee observation of the Constitution and all laws, act as commander in chief of the armed forces, exercise the duties of the Assembly of the Republic of Albania when the Assembly is not in session, and appoint the Chairman of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister). Executive power rests with the Council of Ministers (cabinet). Ministers are nominated by the President on the basis of the Prime Minister’s recommendation. The Assembly of the Republic of Albania must give final approval of the composition of the Council of Ministers.

The Council is responsible for carrying out both foreign and domestic policies. It directs and controls the activities of the ministries and other state organs.

The Assembly of the Republic of Albania (Kuvendi i Republikës së Shqipërisë) is the lawmaking body in Albania. There are 140 deputies in the Assembly, of which 100 are directly elected by an absolute majority of the voters, and 40 are chosen by their parties on the basis of proportional representation. Parliamentary elections are held at least every 4 years. The Assembly has the power to decide the direction of domestic and foreign policy; approve or amend the Constitution; declare war on another state; ratify or annul international treaties; elect the President of the Republic, the Supreme Court, and the Attorney General and his or her deputies; and control the activity of state radio and television, state news agency, and other official information media.

Judicial system: The court system consists of a Constitutional Court, the Court of Cassation, appeals courts, and district courts. The Constitutional Court comprises nine members appointed by the People’s Assembly. The Constitutional Court interprets the Constitution, determines the constitutionality of laws, and resolves disagreements between local and federal authorities. The remaining courts are each divided into three jurisdictions: criminal, civil, and military. The Court of Cassation is the highest court of appeal and consists of 11 members appointed by the People’s Assembly.

Time zone: GMT +1 hour.

Currency: Albanian Lek (ALL).

Real GDP growth: 2.72%.

Largest cities: Tirana (capital), Shkoder, Durres.

Length of coast: 611km.

Ports: Durres with a movement of goods for 2011: 3,526,114 tonnes and 853,748 passengers. Vlora, Shengjin, Saranda, Porto Romano Port, Petrolifera Port (Vlora).

Airport passenger quota: Rinas 1,664,394 passengers for 2012.

Road Network: 18,000 km whichs links Albania with all neighbor countries.

Rail network: 447 km. Albanian railway network linked to international railway network through Montenegro, and to Corridor VIII through the Port of Durres.

Proportion of land in agricultural use: 24%.

Investment priority sector’s: Energy Sector, Tourism Sector, Agriculture and Food Processing Industry, Mining Sector, Business Services, Manifacturing.

Noteworthy memberships: WTO, SAA, CEFTA, EFTA, Free trade agreement with Turkey, the U.S. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Program, diagonal cumulation between Albania, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and the EFTA States.

Most important export industries: Textile and footwear; Minerals, fuels, electricity; Construct materials and metals.

Most important import goods and services: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, chemicals.

Most important export and import markets: EU and especially Greece, Italy.

GREEK LAW DIGEST REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA MINISTRY OF INTEGRATION Union of Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Albania
Nomiki Bibliothiki ALBANIA INVESTMENT DEVELOPMENT AGENCY Foreign Investors Association of Albania



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